The geom_histogram() function from ggplot2 package is used to create a histogram plot. For example, let’s plot the distribution of Sepal.Length from iris data.
library(ggplot2) theme_set(theme_bw()) ggplot(iris, aes(Sepal.Length)) + geom_histogram(fill = "orange") To add a vertical line to show the mean value of Sepal.
When dealing with numerical data, the most common way to graphically explore the patterns and relationships between variables and draw conclusion about how varaibles relate to one another is by plotting the data points using a scatterplot. A scatterplot uses dots/markers to represent values for two numeric variables where the position of each dot indicates values for an individual data point in the (x,y) coordinates.